Sir Ralph DE NEVILLE, Knt, 1St Earl Of Westmorland 
- Born: Abt 1364, Raby Castle, Durham, England
- Marriage: Joan DE BEAUFORT, Countess Of Westmorland 
- Died: 21 Oct 1425, , , England about age 61
Another name for Ralph was NEVIL.
Sources, Comments and Notes:
"Sir Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, 4th Baron Neville de Raby, Lord of Richmond, Earl Marshal, KG , PC (ca. 1364 \endash 21 October 1425), was an English nobleman of the House of Neville . He was born in Raby Castle, County Durham, England, the son of John Neville, 3rd Baron Neville de Raby and Lady Maud Percy.
He was knighted by Thomas of Woodstock, during the French expedition of 1380. In 1388, following the death of his father, he became the fourth Baron Neville de Raby . In 1391, Neville was put on the commission that undertook the duties of Constable in place of Gloucester and was repeatedly engaged in negotiations with the Scots. On 29 September 1397, due to his support towards Richard II , against the Lords Appellant , Neville was created the 1st Earl of Westmorland . He was invested as a Privy Counsellor before 4 December 1399. In 1403, he was made a Knight of the Garter , taking the place left vacant by the death of Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York . Neville was a supporter of King Henry IV who endowed him with the honour and lordship of Richmond for life. Like the first lords of Richmond and Peter II of Savoy before him, Ralph was endowed with Richmond, but without the title.
The Neville family were natural rivals of the Percy family. In 1403, the power of the Percy's had fallen at the Battle of Shrewsbury. Both marches had been in their hands, but the west marches was now assigned to Neville, who's influence in the east was also paramount. Neville had prevented Northumberland from marching to reinforce Hotspur before embarking on a new revolt to secure his enemy, Northumberland. In May 1403, while the Percy's were in revolt with Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk, and Archbishop Scrope , Neville met them at Skipton Moor, near York, and suggested a parley between the leaders. Scrope and Mowbray were seized after Mowbray let his followers disperse and handed over to Northumberland at Pontefract Castle. It is believed by some historians that the two had voluntarily surrendered. If Neville had betrayed them, he certainly shared no part in their execution.
In the later part of his career, Neville was mainly engaged with defense of the northern border in his capacity as warden of the west march. In 1415, for example, he decisively defeated an invading Scottish army at the Battle of Yeavering. In 1422, he was a member of the Council of Regency during the minority of King Henry VI.
Neville was a great church builder, 'curious flat headed windows being peculiar to the churches on the Neville manors'. Neville died on the 21st of October 1425, and a fine alabaster tomb was erected to his memory in St. Mary's Staindrop Church, close by Raby Castle , where his effigy in armour between his two wives remains the finest sepulchral monument in the north of England. When he died, he left money to complete the College of Staindrop which he founded near Raby. His first wife, Lady Margaret de Stafford was buried at Brancepeth Castle. His second wife, Lady Joan Beaufort , was buried with her mother, Katherine Roet, under a carved-stone canopy in the sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates \emdash full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides and on the top \emdash which were damaged or destroyed in 1644 during the English Civil War. He was survived by most of his 23 children. As his eldest son, Sir John de Neville by Margaret de Stafford pre-deceased him, he was succeeded in his titles by his grandson, Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland.
1. Lady Margaret de Stafford, c.1382, daughter of Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp.
2. Lady Joan Beaufort, before 29 November 1396, at Château de Beaufort, Maine-et-Loire, Anjou, France. Lady Joan was the daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his third wife, Katherine Roet, and half-sister of Henry IV of England.
Family and children
He had nine children by Lady Margaret de Stafford: ...
He had fourteen children by Lady Joan Beaufort :
Lady Katherine Neville , married first on 12 January 1411 John Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk ; married second Sir Thomas Strangways; married third John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont; married fourth Sir John Woodville (d. 12 August 1469).
Lady Eleanor Neville (1398\endash 1472), married first Richard le Despencer, 4th Baron Burghersh , married second Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland .
Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (1400\endash 1460), married Alice Montacute, 5th Countess of Salisbury . Had issue. Their descendants include Queen Consort to Henry VIII , Catherine Parr and Richard Neville, the "Kingmaker" .
Robert Neville (d. 1457), Bishop of Durham .
William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent (d. 1463).
Edward Nevill, 3rd Baron Bergavenny (d. 1476).
Lady Anne Neville (1414\endash 1480), married Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham </wiki/Humphrey_Stafford,_1st_Duke_of_Buckingham> .
Lady Cecily Neville (1415\endash 1495) ("Proud Cis"), married Richard, 3rd Duke of York ; mother of Kings Edward IV of England and Richard III of England .
George Neville, 1st Baron Latymer (d. 1469)
John Neville (1407 - 20 March 1420).
Cuthbert Neville, died young.
Thomas Neville, died young.
Henry Neville, died young.
Lady Joan Neville, a nun."
Source <The making of the Neville family in England, 1166-1400> Par Charles Robert Young:
"THE NEVILLE FAMILY (extract):
10. John de Neville, Lord of Raby d. 1388 = (1) Matilda Percy & = (2) Elizabeth Latimer
11. Ralph de Neville = (1) Margaret Stafford & = 2) Joan Beaufort (dau. of John of Gaunt)
12. Edward de Neville, Lord Abergavenny d. 1476 ..."
"... Pedigree of Gilbert. [For further information, see the overview chart of lineal ancestors of King Edward III of England and Philippa of Hainault , or the off-site hyperlinked genealogy of English and other royalty, with some annotations (proper names at or near the top of the following chart are linked to the second of these sources).]
1. Edward III, King of England born 13 Nov. 1312, Windsor, died 21 June 1377, London = Philippa of Hainault born about 1312, Hainault, Belgium, married 24 January 1327, died 14/15 August 1369, Windsor
2. John of Gaunt, born March 1340, mar. 20 Feb. 1397, died 3 Feb. 1398 = Catharine Roet, 3rd wife, born 1350, died 10 May 1403. (Her sister Philippa Roet married |Geoffrey Chaucer, the poet.) They were great-great-grandparents of Henry VII (Tudor)
3. Joan de Beaufort, born ca. 1375 Beaufort, Anjou, died 13 Nov. 1440, Howden, Yorks = Ralph Neville, born 1364 Raby Castle, Durham, died 21 Oct. 1425
4. Edward Neville, born ca. 1412 = Catharine Howard (2nd wife)
5. Catharine Neville, born ca. 1450 = Robert Tanfield
6. William Tanfield, born ca. 1480 = Isabel Stavely
7. Catharine Tanfield = John Gilbert
8. William Gilbert, Vicar of Barton Turf = Ellen Furford
9. Ellen Gilbert, died 10 Jan. 1582 = Nicholas Wright, born ca. 1538, married 18 February 1559, died 1 October 1582."
Ralph married Joan DE BEAUFORT, Countess Of Westmorland  [MRIN: 587], daughter of Sir John DE GANT, Duc De Lancaster  and Catherine DE ROET . (Joan DE BEAUFORT, Countess Of Westmorland  was born in 1379 in Le Château, Beaufort, Pays-De- Loire, France, died on 12 Nov 1440 in Howden, Yorkshire, England and was buried in Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England.)