Jean LE MARECHAL, "The Marshal" 
- Born: Abt 1105
- Marriage: Sibyl DE SALISBURY  before 1144 in , , England
- Died: 1165, , , England about age 60
Other names for Jean were John Fitzgilbert and John Marshall.
Sources, Comments and Notes:
"Jean le Maréchal ou John FitzGilbert († 1165), maréchal de la maison royale d'Angleterre, fut un petit baron anglo-normand du Wiltshire qui choisit le camp de Mathilde l'Emperesse dans la guerre civile (1139-1153) pour le trône qui opposa cette dernière à d'Angleterre. Il est le père de Guillaume le Maréchal, < le meilleur chevalier du monde >.
Il est le fils de Gilbert († avant ou en 1130), maréchal d' Henri Ier. Il est mentionné pour la première fois durant le règne de ce dernier, quand avec son père, il défend le droit familial à l'office de maréchal de la cour contre des rivaux. En 1130, il succède à son père dans ses possessions et dans son office.
À la mort d'Henri Ier en 1135, il accepte son neveu d'Angleterre pour roi. Il atteste constamment ses chartes entre 1136 et 1138, et l'accompagne dans sa visite de la Normandie en 1137. Après le soulèvement de l'ouest du royaume en 1138, Jean le Maréchal n'apparaît plus comme témoin des chartes royales. La même année, il est mentionné par les annales de Winchester comme mettant en garnison ses châteaux de Marlborough et Ludgershall qu'il semble tenir en fief ou en fermage du roi.
Mariage et descendance
En premières noces il épouse Aline, probable fille de Walter Pipard. Le couple divorce. Ensemble ils ont :
Gilbert († vers oct. 1166), il succède en partie à son père en 1165 ;
Walter († 1166), il est dit être mort de chagrin suite au décès de son frère.
En secondes noces, vers 1146, il épouse Sybille de Salisbury, fille de Walter FitzEdward de Salisbury et Mathilde de Chaources. Le couple a pour enfants :
Jean († 1194), il succède en partie à son père en 1165 et récupère tout l'héritage paternel en 1166. Il succède aussi à l'office de maréchal de la cour en 1165. Il épouse Jeanne de Port ;
Guillaume († 1219), succède à son frère dans l'office de maréchal, investi du titre de comte de Pembroke en 1199 ;
Henri († 1206), doyen du chapitre d'York en 1189, puis d'Exeter en 1194 ;
Margaret, épousa Ralph de Somerey de Dudley ( Worcestershire ) puis Maurice de Gant (?-1230) ;
Maud, épousa Robert de Pont-de-l'Arche."
"John FitzGilbert the Marshal (c. 1105 \endash 1165) was a minor Anglo-Norman nobleman during the reign of King Stephen , and fought in the 12th century civil war on the side of the Empress Matilda. Since at least 1130 and probably earlier, he had been the royal marshal to King Henry I. When Henry died, John FitzGilbert swore for Stephen and was granted the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall, Wiltshire during this time. Along with Hamstead Marshal, this gave him control of the valley of the River Kennet in Wiltshire. Around 1139, John changed sides and swore for the Empress Matilda. In September 1141, Matilda fled the siege of Winchester and took refuge in the Marshal's castle at Ludgershall. While covering her retreat from Winchester, John Marshal was forced to take refuge at Wherwell Abbey. The attackers set fire to the building, and John lost an eye to dripping lead from the melting roof.
John was the son of Gilbert Giffard (Royal Serjeant and Marshal to Henry I) and his wife Margaret. After his father died in 1129 John inherited the title of the king's marshal. In 1134 John married Aline Pipard whose father Walter Pipard had been a friend of John's father. In 1144, John arranged an annulment of his marriage to Aline Pipard in order to marry Sibyl of Salisbury, the sister of Patrick of Salisbury, who had been a local rival of his, and a supporter of King Stephen, up to that point. John had two sons by Aline - Gilbert (1134-1166) and Walter (1138-). Walter predeceased his father and Gilbert died shortly after inheriting his father's lands.
John's eldest son by Sybilla of Salisbury, also called John Marshal (1145-1194), inherited the title of Marshal, which he held until his death. The title was then granted by King Richard the Lionheart to his second son by Sybilla, William (1147-1219), who made the name and title famous. Though he had started out as a younger son without inheritance, by the time he actually inherited the title his reputation as a soldier and statesman was unmatched across Western Europe. John Marshal had four sons in total by his second wife. As well as John and William, there was Henry (1150-), who went on to become Bishop of Exeter , and Ancel, who served as a knight in the household of his kinsman, Rotrou, Count of Perche . There were also two daughters Sybilla and Margaret."
"GILBERT "the Marshal", son of --- (-1130 or before). Master Marshal of the king's household under King Henry I. m ---. The name of Gilbert´s wife is not known. It is possible that she was the heiress of William FitzAuger. ... Gilbert & his wife had two children: ...
1. JOHN FitzGilbert "the Marshal" (-before Nov 1165). He succeeded his father in  as Master Marshal of the king's household. The 1129/30 Pipe Roll records "Johs Marisc" accounting for "terra et ministerio patris sui". The Gesta Stephani Regis names "Joannes, ille Marescallus agnominatus" among the supporters of Empress Matilda in the English civil war. Military fee certifications in the Red Book of the Exchequer, in 1166, record that "Johannes Marescallus" used to hold knights´ fees in Oxfordshire during the reign of King Henry I, now held by "Gilbertus filius eius" from "Manasser Arsic". Empress Matilda made various grants of property by charter dated to [1141/42] witnessed by "…Johes filius Gisleberti…". "…Rainaldo comite Cornubie…Johanne Marescallo" witnessed the charter dated to [Feb/Mar] 1155 under which Henry II King of England restored properties of "Roberto filio Hereberti Camerarii", held by "pater suus vel avus suus". The 1157 Pipe Roll records "Johi Marescall" in Herefordshire and Hampshire (three times). The Red Book of the Exchequer refers to "Johannes Marscallus xx s" in Worcestershire in [1161/62].
m firstly (repudiated ) as her first husband, ALINE, daughter of [WALTER Pipard] & his wife ---. ...
m secondly (before ) SIBYL de Salisbury, daughter of WALTER FitzEdward de Salisbury & his wife Matilda de Chaources . The early 13th century Histoire de Guillaume le Maréchal records that John divorced his first wife and married "damesele Sibire la sorur le cunte Patriz".
John Fitz-Gilbert & his second wife had [six] children:
c) JOHN "the Marshal" ([1144/45]-Mar 1194, bur Bradenstoke). ...
d) WILLIAM (-Caversham 14 May 1219, bur London, Temple Church. ... Earl of Pembroke. ...
f) HENRY (-1206)
h) [daughter ([1145/55]-)."
Jean married Sibyl DE SALISBURY  [MRIN: 769], daughter of Walter DE SALISBURY, Fitz-Edward, Shériff De Wiltshire  and Sybille DE CHAOURCES , before 1144 in , , England. (Sibyl DE SALISBURY  was born about 1120 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England 2 and died in , , England.)