Sir John DE VAUX, Steward Of Aquitaine, Sheriff Of Norfolk & Suffolk 
- Born: Abt 1215, , , England
- Marriage: Joan DE PELVILLE  in 1245 in Freiston, Lincolnshire, England
- Died: 1286-1288, , , England about age 71
Sources, Comments and Notes:
The genealogical tree of the family VAUX / VAUS / DE VAUX is very difficult to establish. These proposals should be checked.]
<The History and Antiquities of the Parish of Bottisham and the Priory of ...> Par Edward Hailstone:
"In the years 1302, 1303, 1304, and 1305 we find Robert de Vaus and Alice his wife ...
...Sir Oliver de Vaus, who married Petronilla de la Mare. The issue of this marriage was Robert, who died young, without issue, William, who married Alianora de F errers, but also died without issue, and Sir John de Vaus, who married Maud, Lady of Surlingham, and who died in 1288 A.D. This Sir John is therefore the ancestor of the family given in, the pedigree by Nicholls. He was a landholder in the county of Cam'97 bridge during the reigns of Henry III. and Edward I. ', and was appointed Itinerant Justice for the counties of Cumberland, Westmorland and Northumberland in 1278, for the county of Nottingham in 1280,. Lincoln 1281, Leicester 1284, Northampton 1285, and for Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire in 1286'.
Robert de Vaus, his son, and the first of the family whose name occurs with reference to Bottisham, married a lady named Alice, but who she was does not appear. It appears subsequently that the land belonging to this family lay in Bottisham Lode as their manor was so called, but Robert is stated in 1302 to have possessed a piece of ground in Whitelands, near the land of Elias de Bekyngham, and the Priors of Tonbridge and Anglesey. This piece of land would be therefore adjacent to "the Vineyards"."
Robert de Vans had two sisters, Petronilla the wife of Sir William de Norford, and Maud who married Sir William de Roos. Of the issue of Robert de Vaus it is difficult to speak with certainty. Nicholls makes his son to be Elias de Vaux, who was Itinerant Justice for Norfolk, while Burke on the other hand makes Elias to be the great-grandson of Roger de Vaus, who he says was the fourth Son of Oliver de Vaus in the time of King John. However, although we find mention of John de Vallibus, miles, as a witness to a document dated 1317 A.D. ...
Source <A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and ...> Par John Burke,Bernard Burke:
"... Robert de VAUX ...
Oliver, fourth son. The fourth son, OLIVER DE VAUX, was one of the barons in arms against King John. In the 13th of that monarch's reign, he paid five hundred marks, and five palfreys, for license to marry Petronill, widow of William de Longchamp, and daughter and heir of Guy de Croun,t feudal lord of Croun, by whom he had issue,
- Robert & William who both died s. p.
- JOHN, who succeeded to the estates, was steward of Acquitaine, in 1283, and had an allowance of £200 per annum, for his support in that office. He d. in 1288, leaving his two daughters, his heirs, viz.
- Patronilla, m. to William de Nerford, who, in the division of the estates, had Therston and Shotestram, in the county of Norfolk; Wysete, in Suffolk, the moiety of a messuage in London, called Blaunch - Apleton, and other lands, amounting in all to twenty-five knights' fees.
- Maud, m. to William de Ros, who had the manor of Feston, and other lands in Lincolnshire, with the moiety of the messuage in London, amounting to - nineteen knight's fees.
- Roger. The youngest son, ROGER DE VAUX, was grandfather of ROBERT WAUX, of Bodenham, in Cambridgeshire, whose son, ..."
Source <The history and antiquities of Leath Ward: in the county of Cumberland: with ...> Par Samuel Jefferson:
"... Robert de Vaux, eldest son, died circa 1253, in the lifetime of his tather, leaving issue William, who succeeded his grandfather.
William de Vaux, who about the 30th Henry III. married Alianore, daughter of William Ferrers, Earl of Derby. He died before the 37th year of the same reign, and was succeeded by his brother,
John de Vaux, Steward of Aquitaine, 1283; who, in the 49th Henry III. for his faithful services to the crown, was made Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, and soon after Governor of the castle of Norwich. He died in the 16th of Edward I. 1288, and left issue by Sybella his wife, two daughters and co-heiresses, between whom all his estates were divided.
Petronella, the eldest daughter married to William de Nerford.
Maud, the second daughter, married in the lifetime of her father, William de Boss, Lord of Hamlake; they had the manor of Whatton, in co. Norfolk, settled on them and their heirs. "
"OLIVER de Vaux (-[1238/41]). ... m ([1211/12]) as her third husband, PETRONILLA de Craon, widow firstly of WILLIAM de Longchamp and secondly of HENRY de la Mare , daughter of GUY [Wythe] de Craon & his wife Isabel ---. Oliver & his wife had four children: ...
c) JOHN de Vaux (-before Nov 1287). An undated manuscript names "Robertum, Will. et Ioh. et Oliverum" as the sons of Oliver de Vaux, adding that "Willielmus frater dicti Roberti" was succeeded by "frater eius dominus Iohannes de Vallibus". A genealogy of the founders of Freston Priory names "John de Vaux" as the son of "baron monsieur Oliver Vaux" and his wife "dame Petronil de Croune", adding that he was granted "le manoir de Freston en taile". "Johannes de Vallibus filius domini Oliveri de Vallibus" donated land "de Botendone…de dono domini Rogeri de Clifford et Matildis uxoris suæ" to Basselech Priory, Monmouth by undated charter. Inquisitions following a writ dated "15 Edw I" after the death of "John de Vallibus...on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 15 Edw I" name "Petronilla [...aged 28...[who married] William de Nerford] and Maud [...aged 26...[who] married William de Ros] his daughters are his next heirs and of full age".
m as her second husband, JOAN, widow of ROGER de Gyney, daughter of ---. The Complete Peerage names "Joan...widow of Roger de Gyney" as the wife of John de Vaux but implies that she may not have been his only when it questions whether she was the mother of his daughter Petronilla. John & his wife had two children:
i) PETRONILLA de Vaux ([1258/59]-[1 May/20 Aug] 1326). ...
ii) MATILDA de Vaux ([1260/61]- [before 1316], bur Pentney Priory, Norfolk). ..."
"William de Ros, 2nd Baron de Ros of Helmsley (1255-1317) was a claimant to the crown of Scotland. He was the son of Robert de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros. ...
His wife was Maud de Vaux (born 1275, date of death unknown) daughter of John De Vaux, whom he married in 1287.
Through this marriage the patronage of Penteney and Blakeney Priories in Norfolk and of Frestun in Lincolnshire, came into the De Ros family. Their children were Margaret de Ros and William de Ros, 3rd Baron de Ros."
Upon the island are ruins of an old chapel, or lazaretto for the sick, which was dedicated in 1165 to St. Nicholas. In the 12th century, the island formed part of the barony of Dirleton, which was granted to the Anglo-Norman John de Vaux by King David I. The de Vaux family built a stronghold, known as Tarbet Castle, on the island, but in 1220, William de Vaux gifted Fidra to the monks of Dryburgh Abbey, in the Borders. His successor built Dirleton Castle, on the mainland, as a replacement dwelling."
"Dirleton is notable for Dirleton Castle, a well-preserved medieval fortress, which today belongs to Historic Scotland. It is the caput of the feudal barony of Dirleton, said to be one of the oldest in Scotland (This barony did not, however, cover the entire parish). It was built in the middle of the twelfth century by a branch of the Anglo-Norman family of De Vaux, a family with its origins in Rouen, Normandy, which had settled at Dirleton during the reign of King Malcolm IV (1153'961165). They also held the manor of Golyn (Gullane) and parts of the lands of Fenton. In 1225 it is described as a "castellum". In 1298 when King Edward I of England invaded Scotland, no place was able to resist him except Dirleton castle. After a resolute resistance it surrendered to forces under Antony Bek, Bishop of Durham. It was still in English possession in 1306. When Cromwell invaded Scotland in 1650 the castle was, after a gallant defence, taken by Lambert and by him partially dismantled and reduced to its present ruinous state."
Source <An Essay Towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Humble ...> Par Francis Blomefield,Charles Parkin:
"... HEYLESDON'S, or THE CAPITAL MANOR,
With the advowson, was given by Roger Bigot, along with Shimpling,* to Rob. de Vallibus or Vaux, in which family it continued agood while. Sir John de Vaux, Knt. Will, de Vaux, then Robert de vaux, and about 1240, Sir Alexander de Vaux, Knts. were lords ; Sir Alexander sold an acre of land and the advowson, to Bishop SUFFIELD, who in 1249, settled it on St. Giles's hospital, which he then founded. In 1287, Sir John de Vaux, Knt. his son, was lord; and sold the manor, with the fishery called Cringford ..."
" ... Walter de Kerdeston held two fees, one here, and the other in Bulcamp in Suffolk, which were assigned to Will, de Roos of Hamlak, and Maud his wife, on the partition then made of the estate of her father John de Vaux of Holt and Cley. ..."
Source <The history and antiquities of Boston: and the villages of Skirbeck ...> Par Pishey Thompson:
"DE CROUN FAMILY.
... John de Vaux, son of Petronilla, by her third husband, Oliver de Vaux, had a daughter, named Matilda, whom William Ros, lord of Hamlake, married about 1287; he died in 1317, and was buried in Kirkham Priory, Yorkshire, under a marble tomb, on the north side of the choir. He was succeeded by his son, William, who married Margery, one of the co-heiresses of Giles de Badlismere, Lord Chilham, Baron of Chilham Castle, county of Kent. This William Ros, the great-grandson of Petronilla de Croun, was summoned to Parliament from 11 to 20 Edward II., and from 1 to 15 Edward III. He died 16th February, 1342, and was buried in Kirkham Priory on the south side of the high altar. An inquisition was taken respecting his estate in 1343, to which we have already alluded.3 His widow, Margery, died October 18, 1363. Her son, William, was only fifteen years of age at the death of his father in 1342; he was, in consequence, in ward to the King; and his estate was so valuable, that Ralph, Lord Neville, paid 1300 marks for the custody of only one-half."
John married Joan DE PELVILLE  [MRIN: 1144], daughter of N. DE PELVILLE  and Unknown, in 1245 in Freiston, Lincolnshire, England. (Joan DE PELVILLE  was born about 1220 in , , England and died in , , England.)