Sir William IV VAUX, Knt., Sheriff Of Northamptonshire 
- Born: Abt 1436, , , England
- Marriage: Katherine PENISTON  before 22 Dec 1456 in , , England
- Died: After 1470, Great Harrowden, Northamptonshire, England
Sources and Notes
"Nicholas Vaux, 1st Baron Vaux of Harrowden (c. 1460 - 14 May 1523) was a soldier and courtier in England and an early member of the House of Commons. The son of Lancastrian loyalists, Sir William Vaux of Harrowden and Katherine Penison; daughter of Gregory Penison or Peniston of Coursello, Provence, France, who grew up during the years of Yorkist rule, Vaux served under Henry VII when he recovered the throne in 1485. ..."
"High Sheriff of Northamptonshire
... 1436: William Vaux of Harrowden ... 1449: William Vaux ... 1453: William Vaux ... 1495: Nicholas Vaux ... 1501: Nicholas Vaux ... 1516: Nicholas Vaux ..."
Sir William Vaux
Marriage: Maud Lucy
Died: 10 Dec 1461
"The Thirnyngs apparently retained the lordship of Great Harrowden, as in 1428 Alice Thirnyng, presumably a daughter of Sir William, was taxed 16s. 8d. for 2½ fees in Great and Little Harrowden which John de Lewknor had formerly held. It would seem that her rights passed in some way to Sir William Vaux, who as a zealous Lancastrian was attainted in 1461 after the battle of Towton, when his manor of Great Harrowden and its members in Little Harrowden, Isham, Orlingbury, &c., were among the lands forfeited by his attainder. The manor was then granted to Ralph Hastings, Esquire of the Body, on 1 May 1462. Sir Ralph Hastings of Harrowden, who, among other offices, was lieutenant of the castle of Guisnes in Picardy and constable of Rockingham, received a fresh grant in 1483 to him and his wife Anne from Richard III. Sir William Vaux had been slain at Tewkesbury and on the accession of Henry VII in 1485 his son Nicholas immediately secured the reversal of his father's attainder and restoration to his lands. Sir Thomas Green, of Green's Norton, the fifth in succession of that name, died in 1506 leaving two daughters and co-heirs, the elder of whom, Anne, married, as his second wife, Sir Nicholas Vaux, to whom she brought vast wealth and the Greens' interest in the manor of Harrowden; the younger daughter, Maud, married Sir Thomas Parr, of Kirkby in Kendal. ... "
Source <A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland, and ...> Par John Burke:
"... SIR WILLIAM VAUX, of Harrowden, who m. Matilda, daughter of Sir Walter Lucy, Knt., and was s. by his son,
WILLIAM VAUX, of Harrowden, who, in the conflicts between York and Lancaster, fell under the banner of Hsnbv VI. at Tewkesbury, and his estates were alienated until the accession of King Henry VII., when they were restored to his son and heir,
NICHOLAS VAUX, ..."
Source <Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families, 2nd Edition ...> Par Douglas Richardson:
"12. MAUD LUCY, married about 1430 WILLIAM VAUX, Knt. of Great Harrowden, Northamptonshire, ...
13. WILLIAM VAUX, Knt., of Greet Harowden and Wilby, Northamptonshire, Stantonbury, Buckinghamshire, Shankton, Leicestershire, Napton, Warwickshire, etc., son and heir, born about 1436 (aged 24 in 1460). He married before 22 Dec. 1456 KATHERINE PENISTON (or PENYSON), daughter of George Peniston, of Courtesello in Piedmont. They had one son, Nicholas, Knt. [1s Lord Vaux] and one daughter, Joan (or Jane). Letters of naturalization were granted to Katherine in 1456, she being a native of Provence. In 1460 he was co-heir to his uncle, William Lucy, Knt., by which he inherited the manor of Woodcroft (in Luton), Bedfordshire, and a moiety shareof the manors of Woodham Mortimer, Essex, Chilmscote, Cublington, Fowlers (in Slewkley), and Linslade, Buckinghamshire, Dallington and Slapton, Northamptonshire, Richard's Castle, Herefordshire, etc. His wife, Katherine, was one of the ladies of Queen Margaret of Anjou, both when in England and in exile, and was a witness to her will dated 2 Aug. 1482. Following the Battle of Towton 29Mach 1461, he was attainted in Parliament 4 Nov. 1461. SIR WILLIAM VAUX was slain at the Battle of Tewkesbury in 1471. According to one contemporary account, his wife, Katherine, was with Queen Magaret of Anjou whan the queen was taken captive by Edwad IV after the battle. His widow, Katherine, was living 28 June 1509, when she was granted an annuity of 20 marks by King Henry VIII. She appears to have been buried in the Blackfrias, London."
"... William Vaux, of Harrowden, who served on several commissions in Northamptonshire, temp. Henry IV, married Eleanor, daughter of Sir Thomas Drakelowe, Knt., of Welby, and had a son, Sir William Vaux, Knight, of Harrowden, high sheriff of Northants, 15, 28 and 32 Henry VI, married Matilda, daughter of Sir William Lacy, Knight and had a son, Sir William Vaux, Knight, of Harrowden, a zealous Lancastrian, who was attainted of high treason, I Edward IV, when his vast possessions, including lordships in Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cambridgeshire, Leicestershire and Northamptonshire were confiscated. He fled to Italy and afterwards to France, but returned to England at the restoration of Henry VI, in the retinue of Margaret of Anjou. He married Catherine, daughter of George Peniston of Courtesellas in Piedmont, an English refugee. He fought at the battle of Barnet, 14 April, 1471, and was slain at Tewkesbury, 14 May following. His son, Nicholas Vaux, 1st Baron Vaux of Harrowden, ..."
William married Katherine PENISTON , daughter of George PENYSTON  and Unknown, before 22 Dec 1456 in , , England. (Katherine PENISTON  was born about 1435 in Courtsello, Piémont, Italy and died after 28 Jun 1509 in , , England.)